This leopard is endangered, with threats such as poaching, habitat loss, and persecution. They are highly adaptable though, and can live close to humans. They are native to Sri Lanka, and live in a variety of habitats including rainforest, highland forest, wet zone intermediate forest, evergreen monsoon forest, scrub jungle, and more. They are Sri Lanka’s top predator, and eat Axis, sambar, wild boar, monkeys, barking deer, buffaloes, birds, reptiles, and smaller mammals. This leopard silently stalks it’s prey, and then pounces, to catch it’s food. This leopard is active mostly at night, but also a bit at daytime. They do not usually haul their prey into trees.


Births happen all around the year, with a typical litter of two cubs. Sri Lankan leopards are generally larger than their cousins, with females weighing around 29 kg and males weighing around 56 kg. Their coats are tawny to rusty yellow, and dark spots and rosettes.