Category: Amphibians


Long-Toed Salamander

The long-toed salamander lives in the U.S.A. and Canada. They live in a wide variety of habitats including , cheatgrass plains, coniferous forests, sagebrush plains, red fir forest, semi-arid sagebrush, alpine meadows, temperate rainforests, and alpine lake shorelines. They are usually found near ponds, streams, or lakes, and often under logs. They’re mostly active at night, and are dormant in winter, hibernating in bunches of 8-14. When spring comes, they come out from their burrows, and when the snow melts, they go to ponds to breed. After breeding, they move to upland areas. They lay eggs underwater in clusters of about 20. Larvae hatch from the eggs after 2-6 weeks, and eat small aquatic crustaceans (cladocerans, copepods and ostracods), zooplankton, aquatic dipterans, and tadpoles. After at least one season, the larvae turn into juveniles, and live in forest undergrowth. Finally, the salamanders reach adulthood, and they eat insects, tadpoles, worms, beetles, slugs, invertebrates, frog tadpoles, small fish, and sometimes even other salamander larvae. These salamanders get eaten though, by garter snakes, small mammals, birds, and fish.

This is a photo of a Long-Toed Salamander.

Their body is black or dark grey-green with spots or a dorsal stripe of tan, yellow, or olive-green. Their belly is dark brown or sooty with white flecks. Their eggs look similar to the northwestern salamander and the tiger salamander, but unlike the northwestern salamander, their eggs are clear. Also, their embryo is darker on the top and whiter on the bottom, instead of a light brown to grey top and a cream colored bottom of the tiger salamander. This salamander is named for a toe on it’s back foot that is longer than the others. Their body is 2-6 inches long,

Jefferson Salamander

A Jefferson Salamander

This salamander lives in the North-Eastern U.S. They mainly live in deciduous forest, and hide under stones, logs, leaf litter, and other underbrush. They burrow underground in dry or freezing conditions, and must get below the frost-line in order to survive winters that are more northerly. It’s usually dark brown or black, and some have blue or silver specks on their sides. They have a wide nose and long toes. Their length is 11-18 cm. These salamanders are nocturnal, but you can see some by day in the mating season. Eggs are laid in clutches at the edges of ponds, ranging in quantity from 5-60, but averaging 30. Larvae eat aquatic invertebrate, and adults eat small invertebrate.

Northwestern Salamander

This is a Northwestern Salamander

This salamander lives in the northwest Pacific Coast of North America. They make their homes in grasslands, woodlands, forests, and mountains. They can be from 8.7 to 10.2 inches long (including the tail). Hatchlings eat insect larvae, snails, worms, tadpoles, and fairy shrimp, and adults eat small invertebrates. They breed from January to June, after which the female lays from 30 to 270 eggs. They hatch after 2-4 weeks. This salamander is brown, with moist, smooth skin.